Retinopathy of prematurity, a serious eye disease that occurs in preterm babies and can result in blindness, is usually called as ROP as a short name, which consists of initials of retinopathy of prematurity.
During pregnancy which normally takes 40 (+/- 2) weeks, the development of the eye is parallel with the development of the baby in the mother’s womb during pregnancy, this development is interrupted due to premature birth, eye vessels are not yet ready to complete the development af the outside world.
In this process, due to many factors, some premature babies can’t catch up normal developmental rhythm.
Occurring indiscriminate vascularity, beside providing benefit to other vessels and eye tissues , adversely affect the progression of disease can lead to blindness.
Because of these dangerous properties, ROP is one of the most important and preventable blindness causes of childhood in developing countries.
By An experienced ophthalmologist, Rop can be easily controlled by regular examinations and treatment. The task of every parent who has a premature baby in the fight against this disease is to let baby to appropriate clinics and physicians to perform ROP when their babies are 1 month old.